In the 21st century Byidi is looking at the challenges of human livelihood and with this phenomena through its research programme it has ongoing baseline case studies in a couple of communities across the country of different geographical environments in which Lwanjjaba fish landing site located on the lake shores of lake Victoria is one of the ongoing case studies in which we are looking at the settlement patterns, health and socioeconomic activity on how it influences their living patterns and see to it that we can develop intervention programmes to better their livelihood.
Byidi’s programme is to undertake research as a means of finding out the basic information that is on ground in communities so as to lay a basis of intervention based on facts .It can be traced that in the 20th century several researches by different researchers on global scale have been a driving force behind a stream of remarkable advances that have transformed people’s lives all over the world.
Byidi under took a study on Lwanjjabba fish landing site that is located on the Lake Victoria shores. With this study it was found that Lwanjjabba fish landing site has approximately 1000 to 1200 temporary sitting tenants who are sitting as squatters implying they don’t possess permanent occupancy on the land .They live in poor small mud houses that are prone to poor hygiene and sanitation living conditions which are threatened by heavy down pours of rain during wet seasons.
The Lwanjjaba fish landing site 2017 survey revealed that Lwanjjaba has only two toilets, Sanitation conditions are in a very sorry state as families don’t have personal homestead toilets or well constructed wash rooms for their day to day hygiene. Living in muddy and very unhygienic homesteads. The most alarming discovery is that the entire landing site has only 2 pay toilets for a population of close to 1,000- 1200 people who work and leave in this community. This makes it hard for people to always use these facilities as they are congested, need money to pay for a short or long call which often forces people to defect anywhere leading to spread of diseases.
Quote* “almost half of the population is suffering from Bilharzias (bloody diarrhea )and other stomach and abdominal complications that at times claim lives of both adults and children if not attended to and treated appropriately. (for instance it’s hard on the people as a family which consist of 8 people they have to have (almost 8×200 = 1,600/= or double this amount for a day for toilet). Most people are poor and may in some cases not be able to raise this money.
We undertake baseline case studies that will most likely deliver improved livelihood outcomes for example at Lwanjjaba fish landing site we focused on the communities main economic activity which is small fishing and the settlement pattern with its surrounding environment of residents who are landless sitting tenants.
The residents of Lwanjabba rely on small fish business (mukene), were men go to fish at night and the women do the drying and selling of the fish to earn a livelihood for their families. Fishing is the main economic activity here, of mainly edible small fish (commonly known in vernacular as “Mukene”) which occupies 90% of the men. This Mukene is basically for food and selling for an income. Secondary is fishing of other types of fish such as tilapia and lung fish sold to the communities around, which are a delicacy for people in and round Entebbe and Kampala areas.
The base line survey revealed that incomes from mukene are low as there is a lot of competition from other traders in other areas as they have better drying and hygienic conditions. Its ear marked that fish on Lwanjjaba is dried on the ground making it very un competitive with other fish from other fish landing sites which calls for alternative methods of drying to better the incomes.
We focused on participatory action research to understand in what ways these socioeconomic activities can be improved for a better livelihood. This involved interviews, focus group discussions and a series of stake holders meetings that helped to give an opportunity to residents to share their individual opinions.
The baseline survey focused on a number of areas whose research themes looked at education levels and skills , basic health issues ,health facilities ,toilet and sanitation conditions , health services , nutrition status , birth rates to mention but a few.
A detailed in-depth research report can be availed from Byidi Research Report Data Bank archives on request by contacting our head office Research Department with reference to cluster 002 .